Costa Rica with only an area of 51,000 sq.km. (slightly larger than Switzerland) has more than 830 species of birds, more than in North America north of Mexico. Situated between Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the south it is flanked by the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Caribbean Sea to the east.
A diversified geographical make-up, including highland and lowland forests, marshes, rivers, swamps and man made rice paddies and coffee plantations offers a variety of habitats for the birds, both resident and migratory. Although Costa Rica has many National Parks, deforestation and exploitation are taking their toll on the avian population.
Costa Rica has long been a tourist destination due to its sense of adventure – live volcanoes, cloud forests, rain forests, rivers, beautiful beaches and of course many animals unknown to the visitor. Often overlooked is the fact that it is also a birder’s paradise.